Volcano Resource Guide
A volcano is a fascinating element of the earth that displays great beauty to the region around it. Alternatively, a volcano
can also wreak havoc on surrounding areas and the lives of people who live near it. Volcanoes have been affecting people
for thousands of years and science is dedicated to their study to determine dangerous activity and provide a safer way for
people to live with them. Volcanoes can be solitary or are found in a group with others as in a mountain range. Although
a volcano looks like a mountain in appearance, it is actually an open vent in the crust of the earth. Below the opening
is a mixture of gases and molten rock known as magma, which are found in the layer of the earth called the mantle. When
pressure increases, the magma pushes its way to the surface of the earth’s crust through the opening of the volcano,
causing an eruption and expelling lava. This can be violent and explosive at times. The lava that comes from the eruption
of the volcano can cover large regions; destroying homes, wildlife, and nature. Ash particles in the air can be spread
by the wind for miles, coating structures and causing breathing difficulties for those who are near. Because of the potential
destruction from volcanic eruptions, scientists study their activity and can predict the probability of an eruption. They
then educate those who live near a volcano about safety precautions if this should occur. A volcano provides majestic beauty
to its surroundings, and its mineral-rich rock can fertilize nearby soil. Despite its apparent good qualities, though, a
volcano remains a force of nature that demands to be taken seriously.
United States Geological Survey:
Question and answer about volcanoes.
National Atlas: Background information about
Volcano’s Deadly Warning: Anatomy of
Exploring the Environment: Monitoring
Volcanoes and Society: An account of the
structure of a volcano.
Global Volcanism Program: Frequently asked questions
Environmental Literacy Council: Description
of the origins of a volcano.
Volcano: Causes of eruptions.
United States Search and Rescue: Description of eruptions.
How Volcanoes Work: Types of
Famous Volcanoes: Listing of
most well-know volcanoes in history.
World Heritage Site: Recently active volcanoes.
International Volcano Research Center: Restless volcanoes
Volcano Safety: Description of safety
during an eruption.
Volcanic Hazards: Protection during an eruption.
Safety Tips: Emergency preparedness for a volcanic eruption.
American Red Cross: Preparing for a volcano.
Federal Emergency Management Agency: What
to do during a volcanic eruption.
Center for Disease Control: Disaster:
Preparing for a volcanic eruption.
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