Volcano Resource Guide

A volcano is a fascinating element of the earth that displays great beauty to the region around it. Alternatively, a volcano can also wreak havoc on surrounding areas and the lives of people who live near it. Volcanoes have been affecting people for thousands of years and science is dedicated to their study to determine dangerous activity and provide a safer way for people to live with them. Volcanoes can be solitary or are found in a group with others as in a mountain range. Although a volcano looks like a mountain in appearance, it is actually an open vent in the crust of the earth. Below the opening is a mixture of gases and molten rock known as magma, which are found in the layer of the earth called the mantle. When pressure increases, the magma pushes its way to the surface of the earth’s crust through the opening of the volcano, causing an eruption and expelling lava. This can be violent and explosive at times. The lava that comes from the eruption of the volcano can cover large regions; destroying homes, wildlife, and nature. Ash particles in the air can be spread by the wind for miles, coating structures and causing breathing difficulties for those who are near. Because of the potential destruction from volcanic eruptions, scientists study their activity and can predict the probability of an eruption. They then educate those who live near a volcano about safety precautions if this should occur. A volcano provides majestic beauty to its surroundings, and its mineral-rich rock can fertilize nearby soil. Despite its apparent good qualities, though, a volcano remains a force of nature that demands to be taken seriously.

United States Geological Survey: Question and answer about volcanoes.
National Atlas: Background information about volcanoes.
Volcano’s Deadly Warning: Anatomy of a volcano.
Exploring the Environment: Monitoring volcanoes.
Volcanoes and Society: An account of the structure of a volcano.
Global Volcanism Program: Frequently asked questions about volcanoes.
Environmental Literacy Council: Description of the origins of a volcano.
Volcano: Causes of eruptions.
United States Search and Rescue: Description of eruptions.
How Volcanoes Work: Types of lava flow.
Famous Volcanoes: Listing of most well-know volcanoes in history.
World Heritage Site: Recently active volcanoes.
International Volcano Research Center: Restless volcanoes status report.
Volcano Safety: Description of safety during an eruption.
Volcanic Hazards: Protection during an eruption.
Safety Tips: Emergency preparedness for a volcanic eruption.
American Red Cross: Preparing for a volcano.
Federal Emergency Management Agency: What to do during a volcanic eruption.
Center for Disease Control: Disaster: Preparing for a volcanic eruption.

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